History :

Records mention the Gopalas and Mahishapalas believed to have been the earliest rulers with their capital at Matatirtha, the south-west corner of the Kathmandu Valley. From the 7th or 8th Century B.C. the Kirantis are said to have ruled the valley. Their famous King Yalumber is even mentioned in the epic, ‘Mahabharat’. Around 300 A.D. the Lichhavis arrived from northern India and overthrew the Kirantis. One of the legacies of the Lichhavis is the Changu Narayan Temple near Bhaktapur, a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture), which dates back to the 5th Century. In the early 7th Century, Amshuvarma, the first Thakuri king took over the throne from his father-in-law who was a Lichhavi. He married off his daughter Bhrikuti to the famous Tibetan King Tsong Tsen Gampo thus establishing good relations with Tibet. The Lichhavis brought art and architecture to the valley but the golden age of creativity arrived in 1200 A.D with the Mallas.

Geography :

Nepal is located in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. While the total land area is 147,181 sq. km including water area of the country that is 3,830 sq. km. The geographical coordinates are 28°00′N 84°00′E. Nepal falls in the temperate zone north of the Tropic of Cancer.Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by the river systems. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan 3C/p>

Plants:

Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants. Record from 2006 shows that Nepal has 6,391 flowering plant species, representing 1,590 genera and 231 families. Nepal’s share of flowering plant species is 2.76 percent of the global total compared to earlier records of 2.36 percent. Nepal’s share of pteriodophytes is 5.15 percent compared to earlier records of 4.45 percent.
There are 2,532 species of vascular plants represented by 1,034 genera and 199 families in the protected sites. Some 130 endemic species are found in the protected sites. to their prime habitats.gions (29 percent).

Culture :

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.A prominent factor in a Nepa areas and one hunting reserve cover various geographical locations from the sub-tropical Terai jungles to the arctic Himalayan region. Two of Nepal’s natural areas are listed by UNESCO as Natural World Heritage Sites. They are: Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park.Comprising only 0.1 percent of the total land area on a global scale, Nepal possesses a disproportionately rich biodiversity. Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants, 3.96 percent mammals, 3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds. Of 6,391 species of flowering plants recorded in Nepal, 399 are endemic. Among the 399 endemic flowering plants in Nepal, 63 percent are from the high mountains, 38 percent from the mid hills, and 5 percent from the Terai and Siwaliks. Similarly, the central region contains 66 percent of the total endemic species followed by western (32 percent) and eastern regions (29 percent).

Wildlife :

Of the total number of species found globally, 3.96 percent mammals, 3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds. Wildlife of Nepal is officially classified into two main categories: common and protected. The common category lists such species as common leopard, spotted deer, Himalayan tahr, blue sheep and others. These species are commonly seen in the wild. The protected species include 26 mammals, nine birds and three reptiles. These rare animals are confined to their prime habitats.gions (29 percent).

Plants:

Of the total number of species found globally, Nepal possesses 2.80 percent plants. Record from 2006 shows that Nepal has 6,391 flowering plant species, representing 1,590 genera and 231 families. Nepal’s share of flowering plant species is 2.76 percent of the global total compared to earlier records of 2.36 percent. Nepal’s share of pteriodophytes is 5.15 percent compared to earlier records of 4.45 percent.
There are 2,532 species of vascular plants represented by 1,034 genera and 199 families in the protected sites. Some 130 endemic species are found in the protected sites. to their prime habitats.gions (29 percent).

Culture :

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.A prominent factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion. Adding color to the lives of Nepalis are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp and joy. Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.rime habitats.gions (29 percent).

Religion:

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century.A prominent factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion. Adding color to the lives of Nepalis are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp and joy. Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.

Major festival:

-Dashain
-Brother -Sister (Tihar) festival
-Teej (Special for women)
-Nepali and English new year
-Indra Jatra
-Ghode Jatra
-Janai Purnima

Visa information

Foreigner who intends to visit Nepal must hold valid passport or any travel document equivalent to passport issued by the Govt. for visiting a foreign country prior to apply for visa.

a) Entry:

No foreigner is entitled to enter into and stay in the FDR of Nepal without valid visa. Tourist entry visa can be obtained for the following duration from Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or other mission offices or immigration offices located on entry points in Nepal.

b)For Chinese

Chinese citizen are requested to apply in Nepalese Embassy or other Nepalese diplomatic missions as there is no provision of on arrival visa for them.

c) Visa Fee:

Visa Fee required to obtain Tourist Visa from Nepalese diplomatic agencies and entry points:
1. US $ 25 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 15 days.
2. US $ 40 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 30 days.
3. US $ 100 or equivalent foreign currency for Tourist Visa with Multiple Entry for 100 days.
4. Regardless of the provision stated in 1(a) and 1(b), tourists with passport from South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) nations aren’t required to pay visa fee for 30 days.

d) Fee required to extend duration of visa or renew visa:

– US $ 2 or equivalent Nepalese currency per day for extension.
– Additional US $ 20 or equivalent Nepalese currency on visa fee as per 2(b), if Multiple Entry facility is required for the extended period.
– If foreign visitors that haven’t renewed their visa want to renew their visa, they have to pay additional Nepalese currency equivalent to US 3$ on the regular visa extension fee.
– Foreign visitors who have overstayed the visa period of 150 days without extension are required to pay visa fee as per provision in 2(c) and punishment as per Clause 10 sub-clause 4 of Immigration Act 2049.
– Regardless of provision stated in 2(a), 15 days is counted as minimum extension period and visa fee is charged accordingly. For extension period more than 15 days, visa fee is charged as per the provision of 2(a).

Preparing for your Trip

We can arrange a porter to help you with your bags if required. On arrival we will give you a full briefing on your trip and what you require. In general we would advise the following:

 

Backpack (Day bag, if you have a porter)

Sleeping bag (in high season, or for higher altitude treks)

Trekking boots

Thick socks

Warm thermal jacket

Windproof/Waterproof layer

Thermal layers

Gloves

Hat

Sunscreen

Sunglasses

Head torch

Passport

Travel Insurance (above 3,000m your require specific insurance from your provider)

Water bottle

Water purifying tablets (Water can be over 100

Nepali Rupees

Towel (Micro travel towel is advised, as it is small and will dry quicker)

 

You may also like:

Camera

Chargers and adaptors

Snacks (These can be purchased in the mountains, but are expensive)

A book or playing cards for free time

Poles

Bathers (If you want to go to the hot springs)

Sliders and a clean pair of normal socks (For when relaxing in the guesthouses)

Safety and Security

Is Nepal Safe for Travel ?

The entire traveler from the world knows that Nepal is the best destination for trekking but is it safe to travel Nepal?

Off-course, Nepal is a safe country to trek provided the basic rules are explore. When the trekking is being arranged by a reputed trekking agency, most of the contingencies will be handled by its staff. But when trekking alone, you may not have anyone to turn to for help. The possibilities of mobile phone and internet service is extremely limited in remote areas. Therefore, trekkers should either hire a good trekking agency or hire reliable guides if trekking in smaller groups.
The best way to evade risk will trek is by planning, playing by the rules and realize human limitations. In case of misfortune, a detailed message should be dispatched to a reliable organization or individual immediately for rescue operation. If communication facilities are unavailable, the normal first aid principle should be allowed till help arrives in your destination.

Some of the safety rules to abide by are:

1) Do not trek alone.
2) Do not display your cash or expensive items.
3) Keep belongings secure and within sight.
4) Make arrangements for handling emergency situations beforehand.
5) Register personal information and trekking plan details with the respective embassies.
6) By a travel insurance policy that covers helicopter rescue cost. Leave a copy of the details with the
agency in Kathmandu.
7) Choose only authorized government registered trekking agencies, guides and porters.